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AnimalID

Name

5078

Mountain Lion

LocationName:

North America

Origin:

Official bonus for Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$700

RequiresResearch:

No

IsClimber:

No

IsJumper:

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

Mountain lions have the widest distribution of any wild cat, ranging from Canada to South America. Depending on the region, mountain lions may be called pumas, cougars, panthers, painters, catamounts, deer tigers, American lions or Mexican lions.

Mountain lions are one of the largest American cats, exceeded in size only by the jaguar. Their coats are a light, tawny brown that can have red, gray or yellow tones. Male mountain lions can weigh between 110 and 200 pounds, and the smaller females can range between 65 and 130 pounds. These cats have a slender build, small heads, and long tails. They have black spots over their eyes, black stripes framing their muzzles, and black-tipped ears and tails.

This cat can be found in a wide variety of habitats, including mountains, forests, deserts, and tropical jungles, and at elevations ranging from sea level to over 14,000 feet. In captivity, an ideal mountain lion exhibit may simulate the rocky crags of western mountain ranges. In the wild, mountain lions are most prevalent in remote wilderness regions. An adult male mountain lion can have a range of over 100 square miles. They mark the boundaries of their range with scrapes of earth, leaves, and urine, and generally tend to be respectful of each other's territories. Like most cats, adult mountain lions are solitary creatures, apart from a two-week mating period. Cubs can be born at any time of year, with a litter of two to three cubs being typical in the wild. Cubs will remain with their mother for up to two years.

Deer are often a staple of this cat's diet, although they will hunt a wide variety of prey, including bighorn sheep, elk, coyotes, wild hogs, beavers, raccoons, porcupines, hares, squirrels, birds, fish, mice, and even insects such as grasshoppers. Mountain lions will feed on a large kill for several days, hiding it from other predators by burying it with dirt, leaves or snow. Typically, mountain lions are most active at dusk and dawn, but they are capable of roaming and hunting at any time of day or night.

Due to eyes that are proportionately larger than those of other carnivores, mountain lions have extraordinary vision. They can move remarkably fast over short distances, and can make leaps of up to 15 feet high or 40 feet long from a standing position.

In the wild, mountain lions are elusive creatures, avoiding people as much as possible. They are generally quiet, although their vocalizations include growls, hisses, whistles, roars, and high-pitched piercing screams. Mountain lions will generally flee from barking dogs; it is hypothesized that sometime in their evolutionary past, they were preyed upon by barking animals. Mountain lions do well in captivity. They become tame easily, and have been trained to perform in motion pictures and circuses.

Despite having no natural predators, mountain lions are threatened by the loss of their habitat and hunting. While some subspecies of mountain lion are endangered, such as the Florida panther and the Yuma puma, or even possibly extinct, such as the Eastern cougar, conservation measures in California have resulted in an increase in the mountain lion population in this area.

 

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

25

75

60

85

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

7

25

-5

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

2 levels

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Stick Pole Window Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Stick Pole Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Chain-link Fence

$70

2

200

10

14.3

Post and Rail Fence

$90

2

250

12

13.3

Wood Slat Window Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Wooden Slat Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Rock Window Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Rock Wall Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

30

1

 

2

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Brown stone

70

21

42

63

84

105

126

147

168

189

210

Gray stone

20

6

12

18

24

30

36

42

48

54

60

Grass

5

2

3

5

6

8

9

11

12

14

15

Fresh water

5

2

3

5

6

8

9

11

12

14

15

Rocks

7

8

17

25

34

42

50

59

67

76

84

Foliage

5

2

3

5

6

8

9

11

12

14

15

Elevation

65

5

10

15

20

24

29

34

38

44

49

Exhibit Size

100

30

60

90

120

150

180

210

240

270

300

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7073

12

Sage Bush

60

$260

23.1

7064

2

Paper Birch tree

20

$500

4.0

7025

2

Western Larch Tree

20

$500

4.0

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

3

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

12

$55

21.8

9205

3

Medium Rock 

1

1

Yes

12

$75

16.0

9224

6

Large Highland Rock

6

4

Yes

9

$225

4.0

9200

6

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

6

$150

4.0

9210

6

Highland Rock Formation

8

2

 

9

$600

1.5

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8100

Rock Cave

22

12

$500

4

Yes

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

19

9

$225

6

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

19

9

$325

6

Yes

8108

Concrete Shelter

16

6

$175

4

 

8111

Wood Shelter

16

6

$225

4

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

13

3

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

13

3

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

 

None

 

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

Low

SickChance:

8

ReproductionInterval(months):

5

SickChange:

(this is a positive value so the lion will actually become happier if sick!)

12

HappyReproduceThreshold:

97

DeathChance:

10

Offspring:

1

TimeDeath(months):

12

BabyToAdult(months):

4

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

None

 

KeeperFoodType:

Meat

 

Giant Panda

Chimpanzee

Plains Zebra

Thomsons Gazelle

Gray Wolf

Olive Baboon

Mandrill

Lowland Gorilla

Red Kangaroo

Common Wildebeest

Ibex

Okapi

Moose

Gemsbok

American Bighorn Sheep

Giraffe

Dromedary Camel

Markhor

Greater Flamingo

Ostrich

Emporer Penguin

California Sea Lion

Giant Anteater

African Warthog

Black Buck

Bongo

Sable Antelope

Man

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?