Make your own free website on Tripod.com

AnimalID

Name

5038

Ostrich

LocationName:

Africa

Origin:

Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$1,100

RequiresResearch:

No

IsClimber:

No

IsJumper:

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

The ostrich is the largest living bird. Adult males can stand up to nine feet tall and weigh up to 345 pounds, while females are somewhat smaller. Males have black plumage with white wing and tail plumes; females are dull grayish brown in color. Ostriches have small heads poised on long, mobile necks. Their bills are broad and flat. Their two-inch panoramic eyes provide these birds with excellent eyesight. Their eyes are actually larger than their brains. Ostriches have bare legs and are unique among birds in having only two forward-pointing toes. Possessing extremely advanced immune systems, mature ostriches are very robust birds and have a lifespan of about 50 years both in and out of the wild. Ostriches do very well in captivity.

In the wild, the ostrich is almost exclusively found in the dry savannah regions of Africa. These birds prefer flat, open areas with low rainfall. Ostriches get water from the plants they eat and can go without water for long periods of time. However, they are very fond of water and will take baths when given the chance.

These birds eat a wide variety of nutritious shoots, succulent plants, roots, seeds, stemmed flowers, leaves, and fruits, as well as lizards, snakes, young birds, small mammals, and some insects. An ostrich in captivity requires 7.5 lbs of food per day. Ostriches will swallow small stones with their food to aid in digestion. Salt is poisonous to ostriches.

Usually the ostrich can be found living with flocks of other grazing animals, such as antelopes and zebras. The combination of the ostrich's excellent eyesight with the herd animalsí keen sense of smell helps to keep all alert to the presence of predators. Although it is a myth that an ostrich will bury its head in the sand, ostriches may sit with their necks and heads outstretched along the ground to try and avoid detection by predators. In a chase, the ostrich, able to attain speeds of over 40 miles per hour for 30 minutes at a time, can outpace and outlast most pursuers.

In general, ostriches have a loose social system, living either alone or in small non-cohesive groups of two to five individuals. During the breeding season, which lasts about five months, larger bands up to 50 individuals may form. Usually a relatively silent bird, male ostriches will produce a loud booming noise at this time. These birds will vigorously patrol and defend their nests and have been known to kill young lions with their strong kicks, capable of delivering a force of up to 500 pounds per square inch.

Shortly after mating, the female will lay between 12 and 15 eggs in a communal nest. The ostrich produces the world's largest egg, averaging six inches by five inches and weighing up to three pounds. Each individual egg has the equivalent volume of about two dozen normal chicken eggs. Although the shell of an ostrich egg is only about .06 inch thick, it can hold the weight of an adult human. Males and females take turns incubating the eggs. After the young hatch, they are reared by the male. At birth, chicks are about one foot tall, and they grow at the rate of one foot a month. At the age of four weeks, they can run at a top speed of 35 miles per hour.

Ostriches were almost wiped out in the 18th century due to feather hunting. Only four of the nine original ostrich species still survive. Today, the widespread practice of ostrich farming has helped to conserve the remaining wild ostrich populations. The main threat to the ostrich now lies in the destruction of its natural habitat.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

5

15

70

60

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

10

30

-5

No

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

1 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Stick Pole Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Stick Pole Window Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Chain-link Fence

$70

2

200

10

14.3

Post and Rail Fence

$90

2

250

12

13.3

Wood Slat Window Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Wooden Slat Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Rock Wall Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Rock Window Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

10

2

 

12

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Savannah grass

90

9

18

27

36

45

54

63

72

81

90

Fresh water

5

1

1

2

2

3

3

4

4

5

5

Dirt

5

1

1

2

2

3

3

4

4

5

5

Rocks

2

1

2

2

3

4

5

6

6

7

8

Foliage

3

0

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

3

3

Elevation

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Exhibit Size

100

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7060

5

Tall Grass

32

$300

10.7

7048

3

Thorn Bush

24

$80

30.0

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

2

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

8

$55

14.5

9205

2

Medium Rock 

1

1

Yes

8

$75

10.7

9200

4

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

4

$150

2.7

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8106

Large Lean-to

26

11

$650

6

Yes

8105

Lean-to

22

7

$450

4

 

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

22

7

$225

6

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

22

7

$325

6

Yes

8108

Concrete Shelter

20

5

$175

4

 

8111

Wood Shelter

20

5

$225

4

 

8104

Small Lean-to

20

5

$250

2

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

17

2

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

17

2

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

 

none

 

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

High

SickChance:

8

ReproductionInterval(months):

9

SickChange:

-5

HappyReproduceThreshold:

90

DeathChance:

20

Offspring:

2

TimeDeath(months):

18

BabyToAdult(months):

4

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

Giraffe

8

KeeperFoodType:

Hay

African Buffalo

8

none

Hippopotamus

8

 

Thomsons Gazelle

8

 

Common Wildebeest

8

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?