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AnimalID

Name

5019

Olive Baboon

LocationName:

Africa

Origin:

Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$900

RequiresResearch:

No

IsClimber:

Yes

IsJumper:

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

Olive baboons are found in equatorial Africa. These primates have black faces with prominent brow ridges, close-set eyes above dog-like muzzles, and powerful bodies covered with olive-brown brindled fur. Males weigh about 55 pounds, females weigh about 30 pounds. Adult males have long, sharp, canine teeth and a cape-like mantle of fur on the shoulders.

The baboon is one of the more successful primates, having a widespread distribution across central Africa. This extremely adaptable species can be found in a variety of habitats. Unlike so many other species, the destruction of primary forest and the expansion of agriculture have served to expand, rather than contract, this animal's range. Found in many areas in the wild, the olive baboon is often placed in savannah exhibits in captivity.

Baboons are able to forage equally well in trees and on the ground. Their diet consists mostly of vegetable matter, including grass, leaves, seeds, buds, stalks, berries, nuts, bulbs, water plants, flowers, bark, sap, fruits, roots, mushrooms, and lichens. They will also eat insects, shellfish, small reptiles, fish, eggs, young birds, small mammals, and even antelope calves. Although olive baboons derive much of their water requirement from food and dew, they still prefer to drink regularly, digging wells in dry streambeds if necessary.

Olive baboons generally live in a troop of 40 to 80 individuals, within which there is a rigid and complex social structure. Adult females outnumber males by more than two to one. Rank within the group is carried by the females and organized by family. Within each family, the mother has the highest rank, and her offspring are ranked according to age, with the youngest being first. Sons leave the troop upon reaching adolescence, but daughters remain with the troop for life and inherit their mother's status.

Olive baboons are sexually promiscuous; males and females usually mate with several members of the opposite sex within a short period of time. Females give birth to one infant. Offspring remain close to their mother for the first one and a half years.

Males change troops every few years. There is much aggression between males due to competition for females. However, if danger threatens the troop, the adult males join forces, surrounding the females and children and snarling and barking at the threat. When facing predators such as leopards, olive baboons will mob them, often inflicting severe injury. Their main enemies are leopards, lions, hunting dogs, crocodiles, hyenas, jackals, great eagles, and python snakes. When they meet humans, baboons usually flee. However, if the baboons happen to be up a tree, the human intruders are usually greeted by a dung rain.

To avoid nocturnal predators, olive baboons sleep on cliffs or in trees such as acacias. These animals spend most of their time on the ground during the day. They feed in the early morning and late evening, sitting on the ground and shuffling along as they forage.

Olive baboons are capable of a wide range of vocalizations and also communicate with eye movements, facial expressions, and limb and tail movements. Males will threaten each other by audibly grinding their teeth at close quarters. Alarmed baboons will emit short, sharp yaks with their mouths wide open.

Olive baboons have a robust population and are not currently threatened.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

10

30

70

70

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

10

20

-5

No

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

1 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

15

3

 

20

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Savannah grass

90

14

27

41

54

68

81

95

108

122

135

Dirt

10

2

3

5

6

8

9

11

12

14

15

Rocks

4

2

5

7

10

12

14

17

19

22

24

Foliage

15

2

5

7

9

11

14

16

18

20

23

Elevation

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Exhibit Size

100

15

30

45

60

75

90

105

120

135

150

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7048

3

Thorn Bush

24

$80

30.0

7057

7

Baobab Tree

10

$300

3.3

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

3

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

12

$55

21.8

9205

3

Medium Rock 

1

1

Yes

12

$75

16.0

9200

6

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

6

$150

4.0

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

22

7

$225

6

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

22

7

$325

6

Yes

8108

Concrete Shelter

20

5

$175

4

 

8111

Wood Shelter

20

5

$225

4

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

17

2

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

17

2

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

 

none

 

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

High

SickChance:

12

ReproductionInterval(months):

5

SickChange:

-10

HappyReproduceThreshold:

95

DeathChance:

30

Offspring:

1

TimeDeath(months):

24

BabyToAdult(months):

5

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

none  

KeeperFoodType:

Fruits and vegetables

 

none

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?