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AnimalID

Name

5020

Mandrill

LocationName:

Africa

Origin:

Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$1,300

RequiresResearch:

No

IsClimber:

Yes

IsJumper:

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

Biologist Charles Darwin called the mandrill the most vividly colored specimen in mammaldom. These large monkeys have white eyelids, blue cheeks, red noses, yellow beards, and lilac-colored rumps. Male mandrills are twice the size of females, ranging between 50 and 90 pounds, and their colorful markings become much brighter when they reach sexual maturity. Their size and their long canine teeth make the adult male mandrill the most formidable of any monkey.

Mandrills are found in the thick evergreen rainforests of central West Africa, from Cameroon to Gabon and New Guinea. They prefer areas with a supply of drinking water and little ground cover. Their home range is about 115 miles, the largest known for any primate.

Until recently, it was thought that mandrills belonged to the baboon family, and it was assumed that mandrills had a social structure similar to other members of this family. However, a recent DNA study showing that mandrills are neither baboons nor closely related to them, combined with new field research on the mandrill, has given us a very different picture of mandrill society.

Behaviorally, mandrills seem to be unique. They travel in much larger groups than previously believed. Scientists have counted groups containing up to 1,350 individuals, with a mean group size of around 620. The members of these groups remain together for years, forming a tight knit and stable society. Another surprise is that these groups are comprised almost exclusively of females and their young. Males of breeding age join the groups only during the breeding season, which lasts from May until November. The rest of the year, the males are solitary. When the females come into estrus, males from all around descend on the group, battling fiercely with each other for breeding privileges.

A single infant is born with fur and with its eyes already open. Newborns cling to the mother's belly immediately after birth. Infants have a black coat and pink skin for the first two months. Family bonds are long-lasting; the mother-daughter bond continues into adulthood, and the maternal bond with sons lasts until sexual maturity.

Mandrills are omnivores that browse on a wide range of foods, covering 3 to 5 miles a day in their foraging along the forest floor. They will eat nuts, seeds, leaves, insects, fruit, bark, grass, fungi, and small animals. Mandrills have cheek pouches that can hold a substantial quantity of food, leaving their hands and feet free for running and climbing. At night, mandrills sleep in trees.

Large groups of mandrills are very noisy and emit a continuous chorus of two-phase barks, frequent "crowing," grunts, and squeals. Females and young use a call to locate each other and a call of alarm when they feel threatened. A mandrill's coloring gets brighter when it becomes excited or angry. Male mandrills present a threat by "yawning," thereby fully exposing their long canines. A slight revealing of the teeth, possibly accompanied by teeth chattering, communicates a greeting, general friendliness, and a sense of well-being.

The primary predator of the mandrill is the leopard. The two biggest threats to this endangered species are posed by bush meat hunters and habitat destruction. The slow reproductive rate of mandrills puts their population at even greater risk.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

12

36

70

80

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

10

40

-5

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

2 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

15

3

 

20

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Rainforest floor

85

13

26

38

51

64

77

89

102

115

128

Grass

10

2

3

5

6

8

9

11

12

14

15

Dirt

5

1

2

2

3

4

5

5

6

7

8

Rocks

4

2

5

7

10

12

14

17

19

22

24

Foliage

15

2

5

7

9

11

14

16

18

20

23

Elevation

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Exhibit Size

100

15

30

45

60

75

90

105

120

135

150

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7059

5

Orchid Tree (climbable)

32

$500

6.4

7015

12

Elephant Ear Tree

15

$185

8.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

2

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

8

$55

14.5

9205

2

Medium Rock 

1

1

Yes

8

$75

10.7

9215

2

Stone Ruins

4

2

Yes

5

$450

1.1

9200

4

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

4

$150

2.7

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

22

12

$225

6

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

22

12

$325

6

Yes

8108

Concrete Shelter

20

10

$175

4

 

8111

Wood Shelter

20

10

$225

4

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

17

7

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

17

7

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

 

none

 

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

High

SickChance:

15

ReproductionInterval(months):

5

SickChange:

-10

HappyReproduceThreshold:

95

DeathChance:

30

Offspring:

1

TimeDeath(months):

24

BabyToAdult(months):

5

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

none

 

KeeperFoodType:

Fruits and vegetables

 

none

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?