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AnimalID

Name

5010

Leopard

LocationName:

Africa

Origin:

Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$1,100

RequiresResearch:

No

IsClimber:

No

IsJumper:

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

The leopard can be found throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa, much of southern Asia, and parts of the Middle East. This animal has the largest distribution among wild cats.

Leopards weigh between 60 and 135 pounds. Males are generally about a third larger than the females. They are well-proportioned cats, with long, elegant bodies and long tails. Leopards are known for their beautiful coats, which are light brown or yellow and patterned with irregular spots ranging from dark brown to black. Coloration varies depending upon region and subspecies. By one count, there are over 25 subspecies of leopard, with the African leopard, Panthera pardus pardus, being the most common.

Although leopards can wreak havoc upon domestic livestock, they can also be of benefit to farmers by preying upon animals that destroy crops, such as baboons and rats. Leopards are not particularly selective about their diet and will hunt a wide range of prey: from antelopes and warthogs to mice and even beetles.

As the most adaptable of the large cats, leopards do well in a variety of habitats, ranging from desert to mountain to forest.

Although the leopard can do without a ready source of water, it requires some amount of cover. The African leopard can often be found in wooded areas of the savannah.

Leopards are excellent climbers and are very much at home in trees, where they rest while surveying their territory. They also retreat to trees when threatened by competing predators, such as lions, tigers, or packs of hyenas. They hide among branches in order to drop upon unsuspecting prey. More importantly, a leopard will stash a kill high up in a tree in order to protect it from other predators. This allows a leopard to feed off the same kill for several days and is probably a significant factor in the relative success of the leopard among large cats. Leopards are capable of climbing a tree while dragging a carcass up to three times its own weight, such as an adult male antelope or a young giraffe.

Leopards do most of their hunting at night and during the hours of dusk and dawn. Their superb night vision, combined with their keen senses of hearing and smell help them to easily locate prey, even in the dark. Leopards depend upon stealth, rather than speed, when hunting.

During the day, leopards can sometimes be found sunning themselves on rocks or resting in the shade. They will also patrol their territory to keep out other leopards. The characteristic call of a leopard is a rasping cough. They may also growl or purr, but are usually silent.

Like other cats, the leopard is a solitary creature, with males and females coming together to mate and then going their own ways. Cubs are weaned at three months, but can stay with their mother until up to two years of age.

Leopards have been heavily hunted for their fur and also have suffered through loss of habitat and natural prey. Angry livestock owners will kill leopards to stop them from destroying their animals. Leopards are listed as an endangered species.

.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

40

120

60

90

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

7

20

-5

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

2 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Stick Pole Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Stick Pole Window Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Chain-link Fence

$70

2

200

10

14.3

Post and Rail Fence

$90

2

250

12

13.3

Wood Slat Window Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Wooden Slat Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Rock Wall Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Rock Window Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

35

1

 

2

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Savannah Grass

70

25

49

74

98

123

147

172

196

221

245

Rainforest floor

20

7

14

21

28

35

42

49

56

63

70

Dirt

5

2

4

5

7

9

11

12

14

16

18

Fresh water

5

2

4

5

7

9

11

12

14

16

18

Rocks

6

8

17

25

34

42

50

59

67

76

84

Foliage

15

5

11

16

21

26

32

37

42

47

53

Elevation

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Exhibit Size

100

35

70

105

140

175

210

245

280

315

350

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7001

3

Thorn Acacia Tree

24

$600

4.0

7057

7

Baobab Tree

10

$300

3.3

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

3

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

12

$55

21.8

9205

3

Medium Rock 

Yes 

12

 $75

16.0

9200

6

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

6

$150

4.0

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8100

Rock Cave

25

10

$500

4

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

22

7

$325

6

Yes

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

22

7

$225

6

Yes

8111

Wood Shelter

20

5

$225

4

 

8108

Concrete Shelter

20

5

$175

4

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

17

2

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

17

2

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

6106 

 Cat Climbing Tree

25 

$1,500 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

High

SickChance:

8

ReproductionInterval(months):

5

SickChange:

-12

HappyReproduceThreshold:

90

DeathChance:

10

Offspring:

1

TimeDeath(months):

36

BabyToAdult(months):

4

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

none

 

KeeperFoodType:

Meat

 

Giant Panda

Chimpanzee

Plains Zebra

Thomsons Gazelle

Gray Wolf

Olive Baboon

Mandrill

Lowland Gorilla

Red Kangaroo

Common Wildebeest

Ibex

Okapi

Moose

Gemsbok

American Bighorn Sheep

Giraffe

Dromedary Camel

Markhor

Greater Flamingo

Ostrich

Emporer Penguin

California Sea Lion

Giant Anteater

African Warthog

Black Buck

Bongo

Sable Antelope

Man

Elephant Seal
Pacific Walrus
Orangutan
Malaysian Tapir
Japanese Serow
Przewalski's Wild Horse
bigfoot
Mexican Wolf

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?