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AnimalID

Name

9407

Giant Panda

LocationName:

China

Origin:

Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$5,000

RequiresResearch:

Yes

IsClimber:

No

IsJumper:

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

The giant panda is one of the rarest and most critically endangered species in the world, with probably no more than 1,100 left in the wild. The giant panda lives in the highlands of Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu provinces in southwest China, at elevations between 5,000 and 10,000 feet. The damp climate supports dense stands of bamboo, the panda's primary food source. The landscape is varied, composed of forest floor broken by grass, gray rock, and snow. This forbidding, inaccessible terrain also offers a defensive advantage for the panda.

Pandas have poor digestive systems and so must constantly browse in order to fill their nutritional needs. This animal will spend from 10 to 16 hours a day foraging and eating. In the wild, a panda eats up to 26 different plant species, although bamboo still accounts for more than 99 percent of the food eaten. A panda will consume from 20 to 40 pounds of bamboo a day. All this consumption, combined with their inefficient digestive systems, means that a panda's exhibit will get dirty pretty quickly! When eating, pandas usually sit upright, with their legs sticking out in front of them. This posture leaves the front paws free to grasp bamboo stems, which the panda then crushes with its powerful jaws and strong teeth. In zoos, giant pandas are fed bamboo, sugar cane, rice gruel, a special high fiber biscuit, carrots, apples, and sweet potatoes.

Until recently, it was believed that giant pandas spent most of their lives alone, with males and females meeting only during the breeding season. However, recent studies indicate that small groups of pandas will share a large territory and sometimes meet at different times during the year. In captivity, these animals seem to prefer to be alone or to share their space with a single mate, and they will get very agitated when placed in the same exhibit as other animals.

Pandas are far from prolific breeders and will rarely reproduce in captivity. Panda cubs are completely helpless at birth, weighing only three to five ounces, as well as being hairless, blind, and immobile. Among mammals other than marsupials, newborn giant pandas have the smallest size relative to their mothers. In the wild, a panda offspring will remain with its mother from one and a half to three years.

Their eating habits, combined with their generally solitary nature, make it quite important that pandas have adequate space. A cramped exhibit will cause the animal great distress. A permanent source of fresh drinking water is also necessary to the panda's comfort. Pandas have less tolerance for captivity than other animals.

A panda expends much of its energy eating. Pandas also enjoy climbing on rocks. The rest of its time is spent mostly sleeping and resting. An agitated panda will often growl and swing its paw. A happy panda makes soft yipping noises and may even do a somersault.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

90

270

10

70

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

15

10

-10

No

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

1 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Stick Pole Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Stick Pole Window Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Chain-link Fence

$70

2

200

10

14.3

Post and Rail Fence

$90

2

250

12

13.3

Wood Slat Window Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Wooden Slat Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Rock Wall Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Rock Window Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

20

1

 

2

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Coniferous floor

80

16

32

48

64

80

96

112

128

144

160

Grass

8

2

3

5

6

8

10

11

13

14

16

Snow

5

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Gray Stone

5

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Fresh water

2

0

1

1

2

2

2

3

3

4

4

Rocks

2

2

3

5

6

8

10

11

13

14

16

Foliage

13

3

5

8

10

13

16

18

21

23

26

Elevation

45

2

5

7

9

11

14

16

18

20

23

Exhibit Size

100

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

200

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7070

5

Himalayan Birch Tree

32

$500

6.4

7072

2

Himalayan Pine Tree

20

$720

2.8

7016

12

Bamboo

15

$500

3.0

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

 9205

3

 Medium Rock

1

1

Yes

12

$75

16.0

9206

3

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

12

$55

21.8

9224

6

Large Highland Rock

6

4

Yes

9

$225

4.0

9200

6

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

6

$150

4.0

9210

6

Highland Rock Formation

8

2

 

9

$600

1.5

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8103

 Panda Rock Cave

 25

 15

$1,200 

 4

 Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter

18

8

$325

6

Yes

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

18

8

$225

6

Yes

8111

Wood Shelter

16

6

$225

4

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

16

6

$125

2

 

8100

Rock Cave

15

5

$500

4

Yes

8110

Small Wood Shelter

13

3

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

 

 none

 

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

Low

SickChance:

40

ReproductionInterval(months):

11

SickChange:

-20

HappyReproduceThreshold:

99

DeathChance:

20

Offspring:

1

TimeDeath(months):

36

BabyToAdult(months):

6

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

none  

KeeperFoodType:

Bamboo shoots

 

none

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?