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AnimalID

Name

5013

Clouded Leopard

LocationName:

Southeast Asia

Origin:

Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$1,800

RequiresResearch:

No

IsClimber:

No

IsJumper:

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

Despite their name, clouded leopards are not members of the leopard family, but are a separate species of wild cat, as are snow leopards. Clouded leopards are the only members of the genus Neofelis.

Clouded leopards are quite rare and are listed as endangered, although there are no population estimates for this species. Historically, they have been found throughout most of Southeast Asia from Nepal and southern China through Thailand, Indonesia, and Borneo. This cat's primary habitat is lowland tropical rainforests.

The clouded leopard gets its name from the appearance of the spots covering its torso, which are darker areas of fur surrounded by black outlines. Another distinctive feature of this animal is its long canine teeth, which are larger in proportion to its size than any other living feline. In fact, the clouded leopard's long canines and the shape of its skull have more in common with a prehistoric saber-toothed tiger than with any modern cat. Males weigh up to 50 pounds and females are smaller, weighing 35 to 40 pounds.

Clouded leopards are among the best climbers of the cat family, able to climb branches upside down and hang by their hind feet. Their flexible ankles allow them to descend head first from trees.

Clouded leopards hunt at night, preying on birds, squirrels, porcupines, reptiles, monkeys, deer, goats, and wild pigs. Some hunting may take place in the trees. Trees also provide a resting place for clouded leopards during the day.

It is assumed that clouded leopards, like most cats, are solitary in nature, apart from breeding pairs and a mother with young. However, little is actually known about the social behavior of these animals. This lack of knowledge has probably contributed to the fact that clouded leopards are among the most difficult cats to breed in captivity. In the past, when adult cats were introduced to each other for breeding purposes, fighting would ensue, sometimes leading to the death of the female. The current practice is to put pairs together when they are less than one year of age, which has been more successful. Litter size in the wild generally ranges from one to five, with two or three being average.

Clouded leopards prefer privacy and do not generally thrive in captivity. Modern zoos may try to accommodate these animals' needs by leaving only one side of their exhibits open for viewing. The clouded leopard also requires hiding places within its exhibit, as well as various places for climbing. In general, this animal does not like open space. Enrichment items such as balls and other toys can also benefit clouded leopards.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

40

120

60

86

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

10

10

-10

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

2 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Stick Pole Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Stick Pole Window Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Chain-link Fence

$70

2

200

10

14.3

Post and Rail Fence

$90

2

250

12

13.3

Wood Slat Window Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Wooden Slat Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Rock Wall Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Rock Window Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

35

1

 

2

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Rainforest floor

80

28

56

84

112

140

168

196

224

252

280

Grass

20

7

14

21

28

35

42

49

56

63

70

Rocks

6

8

17

25

34

42

50

59

67

76

84

Foliage

15

5

11

16

21

26

32

37

42

47

53

Elevation

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Exhibit Size

100

35

70

105

140

175

210

245

280

315

350

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7051

7

Rainforest Fern

40

$180

22.2

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

3

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

12

$55

21.8

9205

3

Medium Rock 

1

1

Yes

12

$75

16.0

9200

6

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

6

$150

4.0

9213

5

Waterfall Rock
Formation

8

8

 

8

$1.400

0.6

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID Shelter Name Shelter Value Shelter Effect Purchase Cost Capacity Requires Research

8100

Rock Cave

22

12

$500

4

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

19

9

$325

6

Yes

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

19

9

$225

6

Yes

8111

Wood Shelter

16

6

$225

4

 

8108

Concrete Shelter

16

6

$175

4

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

13

3

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

13

3

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

6106 

 Cat Climbing Tree

25 

$1,500 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

High

SickChance:

8

ReproductionInterval(months):

5

SickChange:

-12

HappyReproduceThreshold:

97

DeathChance:

30

Offspring:

1

TimeDeath(months):

24

BabyToAdult(months):

4

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

Black Leopard

8

KeeperFoodType:

Meat

 

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Man

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Przewalski's Wild Horse
Bigfoot
Mexican Wolf

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?