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AnimalID

Name

5009

Cheetah

LocationName:

Africa

Origin:

 Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

 $1,600

RequiresResearch:

 No

IsClimber:

 No

IsJumper:

 Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

Cheetahs are unique cats found today primarily in sub-Saharan Africa, with small populations also existing in Iran and Russia.

The oldest cheetah fossils, discovered in North America, date from about 4 million years ago. This animal was common throughout Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America until about 10,000 years ago, when major climactic changes at the end of the last Ice Age caused many mammals to die out. Genetically, all cheetahs living today are as closely related as identical twins, which has led to the theory that the current cheetah population is descended from a single female and a few closely related males. This lack of genetic diversity makes the cheetah particularly vulnerable to disease.

The cheetah's top speed of 71 mph makes it the fastest land animal on earth. From top to bottom, this cat is built to run! Wide nostrils connected to a large set of lungs allow quick air intake. Its long, streamlined torso is built upon light bones, with its spine designed to work as a spring for the powerful back legs, giving the cheetah a longer stride. The long tail provides balance on high speed turns, and hard and narrow paw pads, coupled with cleat-like claws, provide great traction.

Adult cheetahs weigh 120 to 130 pounds. Their coats range from yellowish gray to reddish brown in color and are covered with small- to medium-sized black spots. Cheetahs' faces are patterned with black markings, resembling tears, that run from the inside of their eyes to their upper lips.

Cheetahs can often be found in open savannah areas containing a good deal of cover in the form of tall grasses and bushes. The cheetah preys mainly on impalas, Thomson's gazelles, and other small, hoofed mammals. Their hunting style is to creep under cover to within 50 yards of an animal before giving chase. Top speed sprints last about 20 seconds, and rarely longer than a minute; however, a cheetah will continue a chase for up to 3.4 miles at an average speed of 45 mph. After a successful hunt, the exhausted cheetah needs to rest 20 to 30 minutes before eating. This makes their kill vulnerable to other predators, such as hyenas and lions. A cheetah will eat up to 30 pounds in a single meal. Cheetahs can go for four days or more without drinking and will eat melons as a substitute source of water.

Unlike many other cats, cheetahs hunt during the day and are rarely active at night. Although these cats cannot roar, they have a distinctive chirping, bird-like call, and are capable of other sounds ranging from growls and barks to bleats. Cheetahs, especially cheetah cubs, are very playful animals and from an early age will chase, wrestle, stalk, and ambush each other.

Cheetahs, along with lions and some feral cat populations, are the only cats that have some form of communal living. Two or three male cheetahs, generally siblings, will form coalitions, which are more successful at hunting and at holding territory than lone cheetahs. Female cheetahs avoid contact with other adult cheetahs except to mate.

Cheetahs give birth in cover and keep their cubs hidden for the first month. Although cheetahs have reproductive difficulties, probably stemming from inbreeding, a successful pregnancy in the wild usually results in a large litter, with three to five cubs being average, and as many as eight possible. In captivity, possibly due to stress factors, litter sizes are much smaller, with one or two being average. In the wild, cheetah cubs have an estimated 75% mortality rate. Lions will go out of their way to kill cheetah cubs.

Cheetahs are generally unhappy in captivity. They do not like crowds and require larger than average habitats, containing no more than three cheetahs.

Cheetahs are an endangered species, with an estimated remaining population of between 9,000 and 12,000. The greatest risk to the cheetah is the ongoing reduction of their habitat.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

20

60

50

70

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

12

20

-5

Yes

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

2 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Stick Pole Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Stick Pole Window Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Chain-link Fence

$70

2

200

10

14.3

Post and Rail Fence

$90

2

250

12

13.3

Wood Slat Window Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Wooden Slat Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Rock Wall Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Rock Window Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

50

1

 

3

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Savannah grass

90

45

90

135

180

225

270

315

360

405

450

Dirt

10

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

Rocks

4

8

16

24

32

40

48

56

64

72

80

Foliage

7

4

7

11

14

18

21

25

28

32

35

Elevation

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Exhibit Size

100

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7048

5

Thorn Bush

32

$80

40.0

7056

3

Yellow Fever Tree

6

$175

3.4

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

2

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

8

$55

14.5

9205

2

Medium Rock 

1

1

Yes

8

$75

10.7

9200

4

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

4

$150

2.7

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8100

Rock Cave

22

7

$500

4

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

20

5

$325

6

Yes

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

20

5

$225

6

Yes

8111

Wood Shelter

18

3

$225

4

 

8108

Concrete Shelter

18

3

$175

4

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

15

0

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

15

0

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

 

None

 

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

Low

SickChance:

15

ReproductionInterval(months):

9

SickChange:

-12

HappyReproduceThreshold:

97

DeathChance:

20

Offspring:

1

TimeDeath(months):

24

BabyToAdult(months):

6

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

none

KeeperFoodType:

Meat

 

Giant Panda

Chimpanzee

Plains Zebra

Thomsons Gazelle

Gray Wolf

Olive Baboon

Mandrill

Lowland Gorilla

Red Kangaroo

Common Wildebeest

Ibex

Okapi

Moose

Gemsbok

American Bighorn Sheep

Giraffe

Dromedary Camel

Markhor

Greater Flamingo

Ostrich

Emporer Penguin

California Sea Lion

Giant Anteater

African Warthog

Black Buck

Bongo

Sable Antelope

Man

Elephant Seal
Pacific Walrus
Orangutan
Malaysian Tapir
Japanese Serow
Przewalski's Wild Horse
Bigfoot
Mexican Wolf

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?