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AnimalID

Name

5026

American Bison

LocationName:

North America

Origin:

Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$1,500

RequiresResearch:

No

IsClimber:

No

IsJumper:

No

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

The American bison, sometimes referred to as the American buffalo, once comprised the largest community of wild animals in the history of the world. By one estimate, there were sixty million bison in North America when Columbus landed. During the late 1800s, millions of these animals were wantonly slaughtered, bringing them to the verge of extinction. Today, bison live only in parks and reserves or in privately-owned herds across the United States and Canada. Bison herds today usually contain about 60 individuals: a mix of cows, calves, and young adults. Adult males range singly or in smaller groups.

The more common variety of bison, the plains bison, is by definition a creature of the grassland. These animals thrive on a variety of grasses. In captivity, bison are generally fed alfalfa, hay, or grain pellets. Bison need a great deal of space and an adequate supply of water, which they take once a day.

Bison are very alert animals, with a keen sense of smell and hearing. A bison can detect a scent from up to three kilometers away. They are also capable of a variety of sounds such as a pig-like grunting when resting, snorting when alarmed, and a loud bellowing when angry.

As the largest mammal on the North American continent, a healthy, adult bison needs to have little fear of predators. However, a peacefully grazing animal can change without warning into a snorting, pawing, 2,000-pound threat, with a menacingly lowered head and stiffly upraised tail. Bison can charge at speeds over 30 mph. Both male and female bison have massive heads, which are not only equipped with lethal horns, but are also effective as battering rams. As if this arsenal were not enough, a bison's hind legs can also be used to kill or maim any animal perceived to be a threat. Grizzly bears and cougars were once formidable foes of the bison, but are now relatively uncommon in the areas where bison dwell today. Young, old, or sick bison may still be preyed upon by wolves, however.

Bison at rest may be seen rolling and wallowing. Wallows created by bison are shallow, dust-filled depressions, and were once a common feature of the plains where bison roamed in large numbers.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

10

30

60

70

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

5

30

-5

No

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

1 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life:

Cost Effective

Low Chain-link Fence

$45

1

200

10

22.2

Low Stick Pole Fence

$55

1

225

11

20.0

Stick Pole Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Stick Pole Window Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Low Post and Rail Fence

$70

1

250

11

15.7

Chain-link Fence

$70

2

200

10

14.3

Post and Rail Fence

$90

2

250

12

13.3

Low Wooden Slat Fence

$85

1

240

11

12.9

Wood Slat Window Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Wooden Slat Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Low Concrete Fence

$125

1

300

12

9.6

Low Iron Bar Fence

$125

1

290

12

9.6

Low Rock Wall Fence

$125

1

280

12

9.6

Low Concrete Chain Fence

$125

1

275

12

9.6

Low Plexiglas Fence

$125

1

270

12

9.6

Rock Wall Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Rock Window Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density:

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

20

3

 

10

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Grass

95

19

38

57

76

95

114

133

152

171

190

Fresh water

5

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Rocks

3

2

5

7

10

12

14

17

19

22

24

Foliage

3

1

1

2

2

3

4

4

5

5

6

Elevation

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Exhibit Size

100

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

200

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effective

7074

7

Broadleaf Bush

40

$260

15.4

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

3

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

12

$55

21.8

9205

3

Medium Rock 

1

1

Yes

12

$75

16.0

9200

6

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

6

$150

4.0

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8115

Large Stable

25

15

$700

5

Yes

8114

Stable

20

10

$500

3

 

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

18

8

$225

6

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

18

8

$325

6

Yes

8108

Concrete Shelter

16

6

$175

4

 

8111

Wood Shelter

16

6

$225

4

 

8113

Small Stable

15

5

$300

2

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

13

3

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

13

3

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

 

None

 

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

High

SickChance:

10

ReproductionInterval(months):

9

SickChange:

-20

HappyReproduceThreshold:

95

DeathChance:

10

Offspring:

1

TimeDeath(months):

24

BabyToAdult(months):

4

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

American Bighorn Sheep

0

KeeperFoodType:

Hay

 

 

None

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?