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AnimalID

Name

5043

African Warthog

LocationName:

Africa

Origin:

Original ZT

PurchaseCost:

$600

RequiresResearch:

No

IsClimber:

No

IsJumper:

No

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Description:

The African warthog is the only pig adapted for grazing on the African savannah. They get their name from the prominent warts on their faces. The warthog is slimmer than other hogs, with a level back and comparatively long limbs. They have scattered bristles, whiskers, and a mane of long hair. Both the boar and the sow have tusks, although the tusks on the boar are longer and much more prominent. The eyes of this animal are located high on their faces, enabling them to spy predators from quite a distance.

The warthog thrives in fertile areas containing a mix of dirt and good grass cover, with lots of edible roots and bulbs. Warthogs prefer the wide-open spaces of the savannah to the tree-lined borders. Needing to drink daily, the warthog relies upon a dependable water source.

During the wet season, warthogs graze on the long grasses in the savannah. In the dry season, they use their tusks and snouts to dig up underground bulbs and tubers. These animals have an unparalleled ability to locate tasty tidbits beneath the soil. Warthogs are beneficial to the land they live on, as their rooting churns up the soil and aerates it, aiding in future plant growth. They will also eat fallen fruit and, occasionally, carrion. In captivity, they are fed a diet which may include such foods as carrots, sweet potatoes, endive lettuce, broccoli, bananas, apples, and a grain mix.

Warthogs use burrows for sleeping, shelter from predators, and protection from the sun. Although quite good at digging, warthogs use holes excavated by aardvarks for their burrows. The hogs enter these burrows backward, with their heads facing the opening, which enables them to use their tusks against invaders. In the morning, they burst out of their burrows at high speed to try and avoid any predators that may be lying in wait.

Warthogs are preyed upon by many African carnivores, including spotted hyenas, wild dogs, cheetahs, lions, leopards, and eagles. When threatened, warthogs will retreat to their burrows if possible. In a fight, however, warthogs are able to defend themselves by using their lower canine teeth to great advantage.

Like all pig species, warthogs are very social animals. They are most commonly found in small family groups, called sounders, consisting of one or more adult females and their young. Single adult males will sometimes join these sounders. Warthogs like to lie in contact with each other and will engage in social grooming using their snouts and incisors.

Apart from predators, warthogs are indifferent to most other savannah animals, going about their business in relative peace. They have a symbiotic relationship with birds such as the yellow hornbill, which they allow to eat the parasites living on their bodies. Warthogs will also wallow intensively, covering their bodies with mud, both in an attempt to get rid of these bothersome parasites and to cool themselves off in hot weather.

Warthogs have a top speed of 34 mph. Generally, they prefer to trot with their tails held straight up. Feeding warthogs will graze and root while resting on their knees. In captivity, an agitated warthog will run around its enclosure, squealing and grunting furiously.

Attractiveness Adult:

Attractiveness Young:

Initial Happiness:

Habitat Preference:

10

30

70

70

Captivity:

Crowd:

CrowdHappiness Change:

ClimbsCliffs:

5

10

-5

No

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

To build a good animal exhibit you need to ask a few questions: (click them for the answers)

Which fence is suitable for this animal in terms of strength, if it can be climbed or jumped over?

How big should the exhibit be and what Terrain should be used?

What foliage should be used?

What rocks should be used?

What shelter does the animal need?

What toy does the animal like?

How deep should the exhibit be if using the "Pit Method"?

1 level

 

FenceName

Purchase Cost

Height

Strength

Life

Cost Effective

Low Chain-link Fence

$45

1

200

10

22.2

Low Stick Pole Fence

$55

1

225

11

20.0

Stick Pole Window Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Stick Pole Fence

$75

2

225

12

16.0

Low Post and Rail Fence

$70

1

250

11

15.7

Chain-link Fence

$70

2

200

10

14.3

Post and Rail Fence

$90

2

250

12

13.3

Low Wooden Slat Fence

$85

1

240

11

12.9

Wood Slat Window Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Wooden Slat Fence

$110

2

240

12

10.9

Low Concrete Fence

$125

1

300

12

9.6

Low Iron Bar Fence

$125

1

290

12

9.6

Low Rock Wall Fence

$125

1

280

12

9.6

Low Concrete Chain Fence

$125

1

275

12

9.6

Low Plexiglas Fence

$125

1

270

12

9.6

Rock Window Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Rock Wall Fence

$150

2

280

14

9.3

Concrete Chain Fence

$150

2

275

14

9.3

Plexiglas Fence

$150

2

270

13

8.7

Iron Bar Fence

$180

2

290

14

7.8

Concrete Fence

$200

2

300

15

7.5

Reinforced Concrete Fence

$225

3

460

16

7.1

Reinforced Concrete and Glass Fence

$225

3

420

15

6.7

Concrete and Iron Bar Fence

$240

3

440

15

6.3

Electrified Chain-link Fence

$300

3

480

18

6.0

Electrified Iron Bar Fence

$350

3

400

18

5.1

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Animal Density:

Min

Number of Animals/Exhibit

Max

12

2

 

6

Terrain Name

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Dirt

70

8

17

25

34

42

50

59

67

76

84

Savannah grass

20

2

5

7

10

12

14

17

19

22

24

Sand

5

1

1

2

2

3

4

4

5

5

6

Fresh water

5

1

1

2

2

3

4

4

5

5

6

Rocks

6

3

6

9

12

14

17

20

23

26

29

Foliage

2

0

0

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

Elevation

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Exhibit Size

100

12

24

36

48

60

72

84

96

108

120

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

TreeName

Foliage Effect

Cost/ Square

Cost Effectiveness

7048

5

Thorn Bush

32

$80

40.0

7060

3

Tall Grass

24

$300

8.0

7000

0

Acacia Caffra Tree

12

$500

2.4

7001

0

Thorn Acacia Tree

12

$600

2.0

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ID

Value

RockName

Size X

Size Y

Rock

Rock Effect

Purchase Cost

Cost Effective

9206

3

Small Rock

1

1

Yes

12

$55

21.8

9205

3

Medium Rock 

1

1

Yes

12

$75

16.0

9200

6

Large Rock

2

2

Yes

6

$150

4.0

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Shelter ID

Shelter Name

Shelter Value

Shelter Effect

Purchase Cost

Capacity

Requires Research

8122

Large Burrow

28

13

$600

6

Yes

8121

Burrow

22

7

$400

4

 

8109

Large Concrete Shelter

20

5

$225

6

Yes

8112

Large Wood Shelter 

20

5

$325

6

Yes

8108

Concrete Shelter

18

3

$175

4

 

8111

Wood Shelter

18

3

$225

4

 

8120

Small Burrow

18

3

$200

2

 

8107

Small Concrete Shelter

17

2

$125

2

 

8110

Small Wood Shelter

17

2

$175

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ToyID

ToyName

ToyValue

PurchaseCost

 

None

 

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

ReproductionChance:

High

SickChance:

5

ReproductionInterval(months):

9

SickChange:

-5

HappyReproduceThreshold:

90

DeathChance:

10

Offspring:

3

TimeDeath(months):

24

BabyToAdult(months):

2

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?

 

Compatible Animals

Prey Animals

Hippopotamus

8

KeeperFoodType:

Hay

African Buffalo

8

None

Giraffe

8

 

Thomsons Gazelle

8

 

Common Wildebeest

8

 

Okapi

0

 

 

General Information

Building an Exhibit

The Life Cycle

Who do they like to live with and eat?